By Jim Miller; 8/29/09




Phase I's goal is to complete and test a prototype of the Garden of Eat'n.The project encompasses the “Locavore” production and distribution of food and energy and the social/economic environment which promotes collaborative action.There are several elements which serve as focal points for research and prototyping in both the physical and mental realm:

Solar Furnace CHP

Drum Roll Steamer CHP

[http:// Algal Oil Production]

l     Hot, Compressed Air Hydro-Turbine

Algae fed Fish Farm

Soil enhancement and growing practices


Beginners Permaculture Garden

Worker Cooperatives

1.[ttp:// The Rainbow Grocery and The Cheese Board]

2.Mondragon Cooperative Corporation

Electric Car/Truck Company

[http:// Affordable Housing]

Permaculture, certified organic farms

Public Online Library'

Intentional Communities:

1.Findhorn Foundation

2.Mutual Aid Society of America

3.Fellowship of Intentional Communities

4.The Federation of Egalitarian Communities

Rural Cooperatives

[http:// Credit Union]

Charter public schools

Community Schooling

Learning Centers

1.Marketing Food Speciality Products Online

2.A Beginner's Guide to e-Commerce: Easy Tools for Profit

3.Helping Artisans Reach Global Markets

Belgrade, MT, Community Schooling

Community Wikiweb

First Monday (peer reviewed journal for self-published textbooks)


Democracy in Action

Fundraising for education

[http:// Peoples Power Utility]


Community Sustainability

Community radio (low power FM)

Eco-village: The Econo Campus

Open Educational Resources

Transition United States

In Transition, the Film

Slow Money


Flat World Knowledge

Google Books

Project Gutenberg

MIT Open Courseware.

Internet Archive

O'Reilly Open Book Project

Online Computer Books



Free Book Center

Librarian Chick


U TechTips

eCommerce (open source)







1.2 The community of people and business resources will create net profits, leading to more capital investment and a higher quality of life, from one or more of these products and activities:

Fresh and frozen fish

Fish trimmings for pyrolysis (syngas and biochar), for fish oil extraction (biodiesel), and for compost

Fish fecal cake for pyrolysis into syngas and biochar

Fish fecal cake for composting which is sold to farmers or used on owned crop land.

Infused Biochar which is Agrichar and can be sold to farmers or used on owned crop land

Fresh, potable water from the Seawater Greenhouse and Drum Roll Steamer.

Fresh fruits and vegetables from the Seawater Greenhouse

Biodiesel from the syngas

Fresh water for crop production


Heat for buildings, fish factory, and industrial processes

Hot and cold water

Steam generation

Refrigeration systems

Poultry, rabbits, and livestock

Woodlot products (lumber, firewood and biomass)

1.3 Phase II

Phase II begins as the prototype of for each of the type of business activity is formed, funded, organized and developed as a progressive, egalitarian worker cooperative, operated on democratic principles.By way of experimentation, different models of cooperative communities could be use such as Findhorn, Scotland; and Mondragoʹn Cooperative Corporation, Spain.The rate of growth and management style is determined by consensus of the enrolled members according to a written organizational agreement signed by the members and by each new member upon admission.

Initially, the first will most likely need to rent land and build most of the infrastructure from net profits from the sale of products and services.The first “homestead” should be purchased after land use and zoning regulations have allowed for issuance of a planned unit development subdivision which conforms to the needs of the organizations.


In addition to development of more Phase II business communities, Phase III will expand the membership in other locations which favor a diversity of crops and products.Mutual support and networking will enable new groups to form, start businesses and trade with coops in the network.Phase III includes outreach by each cooperative to the local community.As an example, as newer technology replaces our older, patented technology, such older technology will be released as open source and licensed under GNU or Creative Commons license protocols.The worker collective business model will likely be a variation of Mondragoʹn Cooperative Corporation.See:


2.1 .Elements.Location involves many elements, each of which must be found, examined, evaluated and integrated into the organization and management of each entity.Here is a brief sketch of how the criteria is evaluated:



East London, Eastern Cape, South Africa

Google Earth: Biofusion Site No. 3; 32 d, 598' 32.26” Sby 27 d 46' 02.85” E, east of highway marker on Google Earth R346.Search term: “Biofusion Site No. 1”Yellow push pins mark the sites, 1, 2 and 3.


Overview: Sites Numbers 1, 2 and 3 would support the prototype holistic system.When the testing is completed and the results are good, then additional locations along the seacoast would be established and saltwater algae and salt water fish which eat algae would be selected.While there is an estuary at East London which would likely have suitable water, there is no suitable land near the estuary.


Biofusion Site No. 3:



Topography:Table top portion shows historical farming using some contour methods.Assuming contours are 25 apart, the slope would be between 5 and 8 percent.Other crop pads appear to be steeper but manageable with proper berm contours on grade.There is adequate flat land for fish tanks.I assume the ownership goes from the river to the highway.


Soil.Exposed soil is a light tan, indicating little biomass and probably some clay and loam.Soil could be enhanced with Agrichar from pyrolysis of the fish meal and of the biomass from the extensive vegetation.Farming quickly exhausted the soil which explains the abandonment of croplands over the entire area.


Road.R346 is a paved road leading to East London and the harbor.


Utilities.We will need legal right to take water from the river and to install an inlet structure, a pump, and water lines to the top of the tablelands.Water from the fish farm would be used in farming the table lands.On the south slopes, we would install the Solar Furnace Collectors and SunTrackers and grow bush crops around the Suntrackers or use for animal grazing.We would generate our own electricity.We would obtain distilled water from the Drum Roll Steamer.If we build a Seawater Greenhouse at the lake or at the ocean, we can get distilled, potable water from that location also.


Zoning and land use regulations.



Permits.Environmental and construction permits unknown.In order to use the wastewater from the algae/fish operation we may need a water discharge permit which would require some pre-treatment.The Eco-Machine will do the job of cleaning the water.We can polish the water with Zeolite, diatomaceous earth, or a sand filter.


Equipment and machinery.Normal agricultural equipment will be needed.Judging from the fallow ag lands, there is probably used ag equipment available for purchase.We will also need a large cement mixer, a backhoe, a skip-loader, carpentry tools to build the concrete forms, plumbing and electrical tools, metal working tools, and vehicles.Electric motors would be needed to move the algae water and the fish water.


Tanks.Fish and algae tanks would be made of concrete if cement is availableIf not, trenches can be excavated and pond liners used.See:


Fish processing.Ideally, the fish would be harvested for human consumption with the trimmings used for compost or as feedstock for pyrolysis.We would need some machinery to gut, skin and fillet the fish.We would need a flash freezer or individually bag and vacuum seal each fillet prior to freezing.d


Flow chart.Fresh water from lake, stream or river ==> Pond A (Input: fresh water, cat fish, algae, soft trimmings from Tilapia, supplemental feedng.Output: fresh catfish, irrigation water) ==> Pond B (Input algae laden water from Pond A, Tilapia, some fresh water.Output: Tilapia, fish fecal cake, irrigation water)Citation:Please watch the video before proceeding:

==> 1.Conveyor belt (drainable) collects fish fecal matter ==>Vacuum/scraper(Input: removes fish fecal matter from conveyor. Output:deposits fish fecal sludge onto concrete drying pads. Cake removed in shards)==> Pyrolosis of cake (Input: Cake shards, pyrolysis furnace.Output:syngas, biochar)

A.Syngas (Input: syngas.Output: propane, ethanol, butane, hexane, methane, CO, CO2, biodiesel)
==> Internal use
==> Commercial sale
B.Biochar (charcoal)
==> coke
==> BioCoalLite
==> Agrichar
==> Activated Charcoal (filter media)

C.Composting ==> 2.Fish harvesting (Tilapia, catfish, other)

==> Tilapia (Input: Tilapia netting.Output: fish to processing)
B. ==> Catfish (individual netting.Output: Females return to pond; most males to processing)

==>2. Fish processing: ==> A.Processing meat ==>Tilapia and Catfish: Market quality fresh and frozen fillets ==> B. Trimmings:

==>Rendering of fish oil
==>Health food supplement
==>Biodiesel and BioLubricant
==>Inject into Biochar to make Agrichar

==>Gasification (anaerobic reduction to methanol, ethanol

==> Animal feed
==>Health food supplement
==> Pharmaceutical
==>Nutrient for algae/catfish pond
==> Animal feed
==>Feedstock for pyrolysis

==>3.Waste water A.Crop irrigation water B.Nutrient water for algae/catfish pond, frog pond, crayfish pond, freshwater shrimp pond, fresh water eels, and others. C.Filtered water returned to stream, lake, or river.


                        Office and housing.We would need an administrative office and housing for all of the workers, plus a general purpose room for meetings.We would also need a climate controlled warehouse and work shops.


Revenue.Revenue streams can generate revenue from these sources (non-exhaustive):


Fresh and frozen fish

Fish oils for health food supplement, pharmaceuticals, biodiesel and biolubricants

Fish fecal cake for pyrolysis into syngas and biochar

Fish fecal cake for composting which is sold to farmers or used on owned crop land.

Infused Biochar which is Agrichar and can be sold to farmers or used on owned crop land.

Fresh, potable water from the Seawater Greenhouse

Fresh fruits and vegetables from the Seawater Greenhouse

Biodiesel from the syngas

Fresh water for crop production


Heat for buildings, fish factory, and industrial processes

Hot and cold water


Refrigeration* Biofusion will have available to it, licenses to use these technologies and entities:

·       Solar Furnace CHP

·       Drum Roll Steamer CHP

·       Hot Compressed Air Turbine

·       Permaculture

·       Worker Cooperatives

l     Intentional Communities, eco-villages and permaculture schools COMMENT.Kentucky is at 37 degrees north, so the climate at East London at 32 degrees southis probably a bit warmer and probably has more rain.I need an accurate profile of the climate over several years.


  • I am working with CreamPhysics which has invented a solid state refrigeration system so Biofusion could use it to freeze the fish fillets.

2.2 '.


3.1   There are many types of business entities as well as cooperative societies.The Rainbow Grocery in San Francisco and the Cheese Board in Berkeley, CA are good examples:

3.2 A starting point is to read the many articles and postings found at:

3.3 .The use of algae to produce algal oil, a feedstock for biodiesel is covered by:

3.4 .Affordable straw bale housing is explored at:

3.5 .Permaculture and the Healthy Soil Foodweb can be learned at:

3.6 .Governance of cooperatives is a matter of grave importance if the coop is to existing for more than a few years.This subject is treated as a version of SOA:

“Good SOA [service oriented architecture] governance

See the entire article:

3.7 .

3.8 .

3.9 .


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